Control and Operation of Industrial Turbines

WACO082
(Engineering)

Outstanding Features

As part of this highly specialized course, using dynamic simulation models, participants will receive hands on training that will help them make better decisions in the operation and maintenance of equipment and in the design of systems. Our approach is to create real scenarios in real time providing an engaging learning environment with measurable results.

Course Overview

This intensive two-day course consists of a blend of
workshops using computer simulation models, short lectures, practical exercises
and videos. It offers a comprehensive overview of the operation and control of
industrial gas turbines, used as drives for compressors and pumps, and power
generation. We will review the development and design/construction of a
turbine, how it works, and the different types of common use. How to control
and operate turbines efficiently and key troubleshooting techniques and information
will also be covered.

Target Audience

Chemical, instrumentation, process, mechanical, maintenance and electrical engineers as well as process plant operator, maintenance and supervisory staff who have a requirement to understand the principles of the gas turbine and how industrial units are configured to perform prime mover duties.

You Will Learn How to

At the end of this course, delegates will:

Demonstrate an understanding of the principles and thermodynamics surrounding the design and operation of a gas turbine
Demonstrate an understanding of the mechanical design of the gas turbine, power off-take turbine, air compressor and combustor
Demonstrate an understanding of the principles involved in the operation and control of the turbines and identify the variables used to monitor their performance
Demonstrate an understanding of the control systems employed for the protection and control of the turbines during start up, shut down and normal operation
Understand the causes of emissions and methods to reduce them
Appreciate the different methods used to boost the power output of a turbine and improve its energy efficiency

Topics

Introduction
Basic Design
Thermodynamics
Gas Generator Compressor
Combustion
Control Strategies
Safeguarding
Emissions
Efficiency

Course Details

Day 1

1. Introduction

History of gas turbines, and factors which influenced the development of the turbine engine
Configurations, twin-shaft, single-shaft, spooled
Heat rate and factors which influence it
Thermodynamics
Hands-on: analyse the energy balance of an industrial gas turbine

2. Basic Design

Single and twin shaft configurations
Gas generator

Starting gear
Air compressor
Hydraulics
Inlet guide vanes
Blow-off valves
Cooling
Bearings and lubrication
Seals

Hands-on: using a dynamic simulation model, delegates will investigate the effect of changes in air inlet temperature and deviation on a 45MW gas turbine.

Day 2

3. Combustors

Combustor configuration
Ignition system
Cooling system
Single/dual fuel supply conditioning

4. Power Turbines

Single shaft
Split shaft
Nozzle guide vanes
Bearings and lubrication
Cooling
Exhausts
Seals
Spooled shaft

Hands-on: Using a dynamic simulation model, delegates will make load changes on an industrial turbine and observe change in heat rate, energy balance and control system responses

Day 3

5. Thermodynamics

Second law of thermodynamics

Brayton or ideal air cycle
Therma efficiency
Maximum power output
Carnot cycle.

6. Gas Generator Compressor

Design
Blade design
Starting mechanism
Capacity control
Surge/stall prevention

Day 4

Combustion
Complete combustion
Heating valves
Combustion chambers

Radial
Annular
Fuel burner design
Cooling
Ignition
Fuel conditioning

8. Control Strategies

Start up logic
Lubrication
Hydraulics
Turning and air purge
Ignition
Acceleration
Loading
Stall prevention control
Power output control

Fuel Supply
Guide vane control

Shutdown logic

Normal shut down
Cool down
Emergency shut down

Hands-on: A modern control system simulation will be used to demonstrate the features of a state-of-the-art turbine control system.

Day 5

9. Safeguarding

Condition monitoring
Lube/cooling monitoring
Hydraulic

10. Emissions

NOx
Control systems
Un-burnt hydrocarbons
Stage burners
Carbon dioxide
Carbon monoxide
Temperature control

Hands-on: delegates will guide a turbine through its start-up sequence

11. Efficiency

Inlet fogging and overspray
Regeneration
Inlet chilling
Inter-cooling

Course Length

5 Days

Course Director

Belinda Gault

Certifications

Upon completion, you will receive a Worley Academy Certificate of Completion

Course Schedule